19 April 2011

The End of Salutary Neglect Leading to Revolution (1750 - 1776)

The French and Indian war (1754 - 1763) marked the turning point of British policy towards the colonies. The British won the war making them the colonial power of the continent. After the war, however, the British government was intent on making the colonies help pay for the debt created during the war. This lead to the Sugar, Currency, and Stamp Act (among others) which placed a tax on certain goods. Taxes in combination with British involvement with colonial affairs angered the colonists who began to organize action against the British.

FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR (1754 - 1763) - War between the alliance of France, Spain and the Indians vs. the British. British victory.

Proclamation of 1763 - Following the end of the French and Indian War, the British prohibited settlement West of the Appalachians.

SUGAR ACT 1764 - Enforced a duty on sugar imported into the colonies. Violators were sent to vice-admiralty courts where there was no trial by jury or assumption of innocence.

STAMP ACT 1765 - Required legal documents, publications, and cards to be on taxed paper. Started to anger important figures such as lawyers etc.

TOWNSHEND REVENUE ACTS 1767 - Duty on tea, lead, paper, and glass.

Sons of Liberty formed to organize opposition to the Stamp Act.
Boston Massacre 1770 created a reminder of deterioration relations between colony and mother country

Boston Tea Party - In 1773, in response to the Tea Act of the same year, colonists disguised as Indians dumped tea into the Boston Harbor.

As an attempt to control the colonies, Parliament passed the Intolerable acts as punishment for the Boston Tea Party. One of the intolerable acts introduced the Quartering Act of 1774.

FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS - A 1774 meeting of delegates from most of the colonies agreeing that the British had violated the colonists rights on multiple occasions.

SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS - In 1775, delegates from the colonies (except for Georgia at first) resolved to put the colonies in a state of defense. In June, GEORGE WASHINGTON was nominated to be commander in chief. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE (1776) was the the Second Continental Congress's announcement that they were no longer in allegiance to the British.

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